Publications

Essential Environmental Concepts for the Offshore Wind Energy Sector in Europe
Jun 21, 2022

The Renewables Grid Initiative, in collaboration with OCEaN members, commissioned the discussion paper "Essential Environmental Concepts for the Offshore Wind Energy Sector in Europe" in order to clarify key environmental concepts used in policy discussions regarding marine biodiversity protection and the expansion of the offshore wind energy (OWE) sector. Sixteen key environmental concepts relevant in guiding the sustainable development of the offshore wind energy sector were identified and reviewed by independent conservation and sustainability consultant PJ Stephenson.

WWF Assessment Report: Maritime Spatial Planning in the Baltic
Mar 03, 2022

WWF has released their assessment of nine Maritime Spatial Plans (MSPs) produced by eight EU Baltic Sea countries — Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden — and the autonomous region of Åland. This assessment analysed to what extent these MSPs are developed with an Ecosystem-Based Approach (EBA).

North Sea Foundation Analysis: potential risks to North Sea nature posed by offshore wind energy
Feb 18, 2022

Research by the North Sea Foundation shows that ecological knowledge development is increasingly lagging behind the acceleration of the energy transition. This report highlights the benefits and risks of large-scale roll out of offshore wind farms as it is becoming increasingly likely that the ambition for wind at sea will clash with the ecological carrying capacity of the North Sea.

Messages on Marine Spatial Planning
Oct 31, 2021

OCEaN’s working group on Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) has finalised a document containing Messages on MSP which encompass five key principles that Member States should integrate into their respective national MSP plans.

Study Launch: Offshore Biodiversity Data and Monitoring
Oct 07, 2021

RGI launched the study "A Review of Biodiversity Data Needs and Monitoring Protocols for the Offshore Wind Energy Sector in the Baltic Sea and North Sea" by author PJ Stephenson. The study commissioned by RGI is a building block towards transparent and comparable data as well as harmonised monitoring practices and a streamlined collaboration among stakeholders.

BirdLife Summary Report: How Offshore Wind Impacts Seabirds
Sep 30, 2021

BirdLife International published a Summary Report on the "Impact of offshore wind development on seabirds in the North Sea and Baltic Sea: Identification of data sources and at-risk species". The report identifies possible impacts of the growing offshore wind development on already endangered seabirds in the North and Baltic Seas and indicates how data can be used to mitigate these risks posed to marine wildlife in order for the clean energy transition to happen while protecting biodiversity.